Reach For The Stars Pediatric Therapy Blog

Reach For The Stars with this pediatric therapy and autism services blog by the national early intervention company Achieve Beyond serving CA, CT, FL, MD, NJ, NY and VA continuing to expand. This blog features stories about special needs children, professional therapists and editorials for special needs parents.
Achieve Beyond Developmental Guidelines Posts for Special Needs Parents
Feb
20

Identifying language delays in young children

Children develop language skills at different times. Language development can also depend on a variety of factors including: their natural ability to learn language, other skills that they are learning at the same time, how much talking they hear during the day and what kind of response is given to when they do speak or attempt to speak ("Late Blooming or Language Problem?")

According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), there are several risk factors to consider when analyzing a potential learning delay

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Mar
01

Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 2 Months

Developmental guidelines for children at two months of age - Achieve Beyond Blog
Social and Emotional Begins to smile at people Can briefly calm himself (may bring hands to mouth) Tries to look at parent Language / Communication Coos, Makes Gurgling Sounds Turns Heads Towards Sounds Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Pays Attention to Faces Begins to follow things with eyes and recognize people at a distance Begins to act bored (cries, fussy) if activity does not change Movement/Physical Development Can hold head up and begins to push up when lying on tummy Makes smoother movements with arms and legs Red Flags For 2 Month Old Babies Does Not Respond to loud sounds Doesn't watch things as they move Doesn't smile at people Doesn't bring hands to mouth Can't hold head up when pushing up when on tummy Have a question? Want to learn more? Leave a comment at the bottom of this blog or email  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and we will do our best to follow up...
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Mar
01

Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 4 Months

Developmental guidelines for children at four months of age - Achieve Beyond Blog
Social and Emotional Smiles spontaneously, especially at people Likes to play with people and might cry when playing stops Copies some movements and facial expressions, like smiling and frowning Language/Communication Begins to babble Babbles with expression and copies sounds he hears Cries in different ways to show hunger, pain, or being tired Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Lets you know if she is happy or sad Responds to affections Reaches for toy with one hand Uses hands and eyes together, such as seeing a toy and reaching for it Follows moving things with eyes from side to side Watches faces closely Recognizes familiar people and things at a distance Movement/Physical Development Holds head steady, unsupported Pushes down on legs when feet are on a hard surface May be able to roll over from tummy to back Can hold a toy and shake it and swing at dangling toys Brings hands to...
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Mar
01

Developmental Guidelines : What Most Babies Do at 6 Months

Developmental guidelines for children at six months of age - Achieve Beyond Blog
Social and Emotional Knows Familiar faces and begins to know if someone is a stranger Likes to play with others, especially parents Responds to other people's emotions and often seems happy Likes to look at self in mirror Language/Communication Responds to sounds by making sounds String vowels together when babbling ("ah", "eh" , "oh") and likes taking turns with parent while making sounds. Responds to own name Makes sounds to show joy and displeasure Begins to say consonant sounds (jabbering with "m", "b") Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Looks around at things nearby Brings things to mouth Shows curiosity about things and tries to get things that are out of reach Begins to pass things from one hand to the other Movement/Physical Development Rolls over in both directions (front to back, back to front) Begins to sit without proper support When standing, supports weight on legs and might bounce Rocks back...
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Mar
01

Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 9 Months

Developement guidelines for children at nine months of age - Achieve Beyond Blog
Social and Emotional May be afraid of strangers May be clingy with familiar adults Has favorite toys Language / Communication Understands "no" Makes a lot of different sounds like "mamamama" and "bababababa" Copies sounds and gestures of others Uses fingers to point at things Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Looks around for things he sees you hide Plays peek a boo Puts things in her mouth Picks up things between thumb and index finger Movement/Physical Development Stands holding on Can get into sitting position Sits without support Pulls to stand Crawls Red Flags For 9 Month Old Babies Doesn'tbeat weight on legs with support Doesn't seem to recognize familiar people Doesn't sit with help Doesn't look where you point Doesn't babble ("mama", "dada", "baba") Doesn't transfer toys from one hand to another Doesn't play any games involving back and forth play Doesn't respond to own name Have a question? Want to...
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Mar
01

Developmental Guidelines : What Most Babies Do at 12 Months

Developmental guidelines for children at twelve months of age - Achieve Beyond Blog
Social and Emotional Is shy or nervous with strangers Cried when mom or dad leaves Shows fear in some situations Hands you a book when he wants to hear a story Repeats sounds or actions to get attention Puts out arm or leg to help with dressing Plays games such as "peek-a-boo" and "pat-a-cake" Language/Communication Responds to simple spoken requests Uses simple gestures, like shaking head "no" or waving "bye-bye" Makes sounds with changes in tone (sounds more like speech) Says "mama" and "dada" and exclamations like "uh-oh" Tries to say words you say Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Explores things in different ways, like shaking, banging and throwing Finds hidden things easily Looks at the right picture or thing when it's named Copies gestures Starts to use things correctly; for example drinks from a cup, brushes hair Follows simple directions like "pickup the toy" Movement/Physical Development Gets to a sitting...
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Mar
01

Developmental Guidelines : What Most Babies Do at 18 Months

Developmental guidelines for children at the age of eighteen month old - Achieve Beyond Blog
Social and Emotional Likes to hand things to others as play May have temper tantrums May be afraid of strangers Shows affection to familiar people May cling to caregivers in new situations Points to show others something interesting Explores alone but with parents close by Language / Communication Says several single words Says and shakes head "no" Points to show someone what he wants Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Knows what ordinary things are for; for example telephone, brush, spoon Points to get the attention of others Shows interest in a doll or stuffed animal by pretending to feed Points to one body part Scribbles on his own Can follow 1-step verbal commands without any gestures; for example, sites when you say "sit down" Movement/Physical Development Walk alone May walk up steps and run Pulls toys while walking Can help undress herself Drinks from a cup Eats with a spoon Red...
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Mar
01

Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 24 Months

Developemental guidelines for children at twenty four months of age (2 years) - Achieve Beyond Blog
Social and Emotional Copies others, especially adults and older children Gets excited when with other children Shows more and more independence Shows defiant behavior (doing what he has been told not to) Plays mainly beside other children but is beginning to include other children, such as in chase games Language/Communication Says sentences with 2 to 4 words Repeats words overheard in conversation Knows names of familiar people and body parts Follows two-step instructions such as "Pick up your shoes and put them in the closet" Points to things in a book Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Finds things even when hidden under two or three covers Beings to sort shapes and colors Completes sentences and rhymes in familiar books Plays simple make-believe games Builds towers of 4 or more blocks Names items in a picture book such as cat, bird or dog Movement/Physical Development Stands on tiptoe Kicks a ball Begins...
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Mar
01

Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 36 Months

Dervelopemental guidelines for children thirty six months of age (3 years) - Achieve Beyond Blog
Social and Emotional Copies adults and friends Shows affection for friends without prompting Takes turns in games Shows concern for crying friend Understands the idea of "mine" and "his" or "hers" Shows a wide range of emotions Separates easily from mom and dad Language/Communication Follows instructions with 2 or 3 steps Can name most familiar things Understands words like "in", "on", and "under" Says "I", "me", "we", "you" and some plurals (cars, dogs, cats) Talks well enough for strangers to understand most of the time Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Can work toys with buttons, levers and moving parts Plays make-believe with dolls, animals and people Does puzzles with 3 or 4 pieces Understands what "two" means Copies a circle with pencil or crayon Turns book pages one at a time Builds towers of more than 6 blocks Screws and unscrews jar lids or turns door handle Movement/Physical Development Climbs well...
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Mar
01

Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 48 Months

Developmental guidelines for children forty eight months of age (4 years) - Achieve Beyond Blog
Social and Emotional Enjoys doing new things Plays "Mom" and "Dad" Is more and more creative with make believe play Would rather play with other children than by himself Cooperates with other children Often can't tell what's real and what's make-believe Talks about what she likes and what she is interested in Language/Communication Knows some basic rules of grammar, such as correctly using "he and "she" Sings a song or says a poem from memory like the "Itsy Bitsy Spider" or the "Wheels on the Bus" Tells stories Can say first and last name Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Names some colors and some numbers Understands the idea of counting Starts to understand time Remembers parts of a story Understands the idea of "same" and "different" Draws a person with 2 to 4 body parts Uses scissors Starts to copy some capital letters Plays board or card games Tells you what...
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