Achieve Beyond Developmental Guidelines Posts for Special Needs Parents

Going from Sippy Cups to Using Straws

"I tell my friends and parents, sippy cups were engineered for parents not for children." Learn more about how to transition your child from sippy cups to straws with Sonu!

Presenter: Presented by: Sonu Sanghoee, MS,CCC-SLP – Related Services Clinical Director

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Identifying language delays in young children

Children develop language skills at different times. Language development can also depend on a variety of factors including: their natural ability to learn language, other skills that they are learning at the same time, how much talking they hear during the day and what kind of response is given to when they do speak or attempt to speak ("Late Blooming or Language Problem?")

According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), there are several risk factors to consider when analyzing a potential learning delay

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10 Signs Your Child Is Ready for Toilet Training

Toilet training is one of the most challenging acts for parents and especially for special needs parents with children on the autistic spectrum. One of the most important aspects is recognizing when the child is actually ready for this training to begin. If the child is not showing the signs of readiness for toilet training, they will not learn successfully. This usually happens in children anywhere between 18-24 months, but can vary depending on the child. Children with special needs may take up to a year longer than others to have the readiness for toilet training. Below are 10 signs that your child is most likely ready for toilet training. All of these criteria do not have to present to start training, but these signs show that the child most likely possesses the independence and understanding of going to the bathroom necessary for success. If you have any toilet training signs...
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Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 2 Months

Social and Emotional Begins to smile at peopleCan briefly calm himself (may bring hands to mouth)Tries to look at parent Language / Communication Coos, Makes Gurgling SoundsTurns Heads Towards Sounds Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Pays Attention to FacesBegins to follow things with eyes and recognize people at a distanceBegins to act bored (cries, fussy) if activity does not change Movement/Physical Development Can hold head up and begins to push up when lying on tummyMakes smoother movements with arms and legs Red Flags For 2 Month Old Babies Does Not Respond to loud soundsDoesn't watch things as they moveDoesn't smile at peopleDoesn't bring hands to mouthCan't hold head up when pushing up when on tummy Have a question? Want to learn more? Leave a comment at the bottom of this blog or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and we will do our best to follow up with you.  About Achieve Beyond: Achieve Beyond is an agency founded by...
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Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 4 Months

Social and Emotional Smiles spontaneously, especially at peopleLikes to play with people and might cry when playing stopsCopies some movements and facial expressions, like smiling and frowning Language/Communication Begins to babbleBabbles with expression and copies sounds he hearsCries in different ways to show hunger, pain, or being tired Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Lets you know if she is happy or sadResponds to affectionsReaches for toy with one handUses hands and eyes together, such as seeing a toy and reaching for itFollows moving things with eyes from side to sideWatches faces closelyRecognizes familiar people and things at a distance Movement/Physical Development Holds head steady, unsupportedPushes down on legs when feet are on a hard surfaceMay be able to roll over from tummy to backCan hold a toy and shake it and swing at dangling toysBrings hands to mouthWhen lying on stomach, pushes up to elbows Red Flags For 4 Month Old Babies...
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Developmental Guidelines : What Most Babies Do at 6 Months

Social and Emotional Knows Familiar faces and begins to know if someone is a strangerLikes to play with others, especially parentsResponds to other people's emotions and often seems happyLikes to look at self in mirror Language/Communication Responds to sounds by making soundsString vowels together when babbling ("ah", "eh" , "oh") and likes taking turns with parent while making sounds.Responds to own nameMakes sounds to show joy and displeasureBegins to say consonant sounds (jabbering with "m", "b") Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Looks around at things nearbyBrings things to mouthShows curiosity about things and tries to get things that are out of reachBegins to pass things from one hand to the other Movement/Physical Development Rolls over in both directions (front to back, back to front)Begins to sit without proper supportWhen standing, supports weight on legs and might bounceRocks back and forth, sometimes crawling backward before moving forward Red Flags For 6 Month Old...
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Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 9 Months

Social and Emotional May be afraid of strangersMay be clingy with familiar adultsHas favorite toys Language / Communication Understands "no"Makes a lot of different sounds like "mamamama" and "bababababa"Copies sounds and gestures of othersUses fingers to point at things Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Looks around for things he sees you hidePlays peek a booPuts things in her mouthPicks up things between thumb and index finger Movement/Physical Development Stands holding onCan get into sitting positionSits without supportPulls to standCrawls Red Flags For 9 Month Old Babies Doesn'tbeat weight on legs with supportDoesn't seem to recognize familiar peopleDoesn't sit with helpDoesn't look where you pointDoesn't babble ("mama", "dada", "baba")Doesn't transfer toys from one hand to anotherDoesn't play any games involving back and forth playDoesn't respond to own name Have a question? Want to learn more? Leave a comment at the bottom of this blog or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and we will do our best to...
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Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 12 Months

Social and Emotional Is shy or nervous with strangersCried when mom or dad leavesShows fear in some situationsHands you a book when he wants to hear a storyRepeats sounds or actions to get attentionPuts out arm or leg to help with dressingPlays games such as "peek-a-boo" and "pat-a-cake" Language/Communication Responds to simple spoken requestsUses simple gestures, like shaking head "no" or waving "bye-bye"Makes sounds with changes in tone (sounds more like speech)Says "mama" and "dada" and exclamations like "uh-oh"Tries to say words you say Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Explores things in different ways, like shaking, banging and throwingFinds hidden things easilyLooks at the right picture or thing when it's namedCopies gesturesStarts to use things correctly; for example drinks from a cup, brushes hairFollows simple directions like "pickup the toy" Movement/Physical Development Gets to a sitting position without helpPulls up to stand, walks holding on to furniture ("cruising")May take a few steps...
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Developmental Guidelines : What Most Babies Do at 18 Months

Social and Emotional Likes to hand things to others as playMay have temper tantrumsMay be afraid of strangersShows affection to familiar peopleMay cling to caregivers in new situationsPoints to show others something interestingExplores alone but with parents close by Language / Communication Says several single wordsSays and shakes head "no"Points to show someone what he wants Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Knows what ordinary things are for; for example telephone, brush, spoonPoints to get the attention of othersShows interest in a doll or stuffed animal by pretending to feedPoints to one body partScribbles on his ownCan follow 1-step verbal commands without any gestures; for example, sites when you say "sit down" Movement/Physical Development Walk aloneMay walk up steps and runPulls toys while walkingCan help undress herselfDrinks from a cupEats with a spoon Red Flags For 18 Month Old Babies Doesn't point to show things to othersDoesn't gain new wordsCan't walkDoesn't have at...
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Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 24 Months

Social and Emotional Copies others, especially adults and older childrenGets excited when with other childrenShows more and more independenceShows defiant behavior (doing what he has been told not to)Plays mainly beside other children but is beginning to include other children, such as in chase games Language/Communication Says sentences with 2 to 4 wordsRepeats words overheard in conversationKnows names of familiar people and body partsFollows two-step instructions such as "Pick up your shoes and put them in the closet"Points to things in a book Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Finds things even when hidden under two or three coversBeings to sort shapes and colorsCompletes sentences and rhymes in familiar booksPlays simple make-believe gamesBuilds towers of 4 or more blocksNames items in a picture book such as cat, bird or dog Movement/Physical Development Stands on tiptoeKicks a ballBegins to runClimbs onto and down from furniture without helpWalks up and down stairs holding onMakes or...
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Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 36 Months

Social and Emotional Copies adults and friendsShows affection for friends without promptingTakes turns in gamesShows concern for crying friendUnderstands the idea of "mine" and "his" or "hers"Shows a wide range of emotionsSeparates easily from mom and dad Language/Communication Follows instructions with 2 or 3 stepsCan name most familiar thingsUnderstands words like "in", "on", and "under"Says "I", "me", "we", "you" and some plurals (cars, dogs, cats)Talks well enough for strangers to understand most of the time Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Can work toys with buttons, levers and moving partsPlays make-believe with dolls, animals and peopleDoes puzzles with 3 or 4 piecesUnderstands what "two" meansCopies a circle with pencil or crayonTurns book pages one at a timeBuilds towers of more than 6 blocksScrews and unscrews jar lids or turns door handle Movement/Physical Development Climbs wellRuns easilyPedals a tricycle (3 wheel bike)Walks up and down stairs, one foot on each step Red Flags For...
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Developmental Guidelines: What Most Babies Do at 48 Months

Social and Emotional Enjoys doing new thingsPlays "Mom" and "Dad"Is more and more creative with make believe playWould rather play with other children than by himselfCooperates with other childrenOften can't tell what's real and what's make-believeTalks about what she likes and what she is interested in Language/Communication Knows some basic rules of grammar, such as correctly using "he and "she"Sings a song or says a poem from memory like the "Itsy Bitsy Spider" or the "Wheels on the Bus"Tells storiesCan say first and last name Cognitive (Learning, Thinking, Problem-Solving) Names some colors and some numbersUnderstands the idea of countingStarts to understand timeRemembers parts of a storyUnderstands the idea of "same" and "different"Draws a person with 2 to 4 body partsUses scissorsStarts to copy some capital lettersPlays board or card gamesTells you what he thinks is going to happen next in a book Movement/Physical Development Hops and stands on one foot up...
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